Both our central nervous system (brain, retina and spinal cord) and our peripheral nervous system (the neurons that transfer information from our different “sensors” to the central nervous system and at the same time transfer the “orders” of this to each of our organs and body systems) are exposed to diseases in the course of our lives.

Retinal diseases, although retina is considered part of the central nervous system, are evaluated and treated mainly by ophthalmologists with special training in that organ (neuro-ophthalmologists), not by neurologists themselves. In the same way, trauma and primary tumors that affect the nervous system are evaluated, and when appropriate surgically treated, by specialists in Neurosurgery. The remaining physical problems of the nervous system are the objective of study and treatment by specialists in Neurology. Finally, mental disorders not attributable to neurological disease and addictions are addressed by Psychiatry.

Traditionally, the main groups of neurological diseases are: